Acne Causes and Treatment

Almost all teenagers will encounter a problem with acne at some point. If it goes without being treated properly, some acne can leave scars. To lesson your acne breakouts and avoid scarring, it is essential to comprehend how breakouts occur and how to prevent them.

Breakouts happen when hyperactive sebaceous glands create more oil than you need and clog your pores. However, it is confusing to some people that breakouts can often happen to one person, yet barely affect another.



Genes are the number one cause of acne. During puberty, the skin cells around the pores start to shed heavily, increasing the skin’s oil production. This results in clogged pores and acne breakouts. An adolescent whose parents experienced above average or intense acne will probably experience acne in a similar fashion.

Contrary to what many people believe, oily skin does not cause acne. Since an excess production of oil during adolescence causes oily skin, people often mistake it to be the cause of acne. Acne is predominantly caused by blocked pores, not oily skin. To control acne, it is important to practice good skincare habits. However, you should avoid products with harsh ingredients and washing too much.

Eating certain foods is also another misconception regarding acne. Health can be improved by eating a healthy and balanced diet. Staying away from foods that seem to intensify your skin issues might decrease the chances of a severe breakout, but completely rearranging your diet is not effective in treating acne.

It has been suggested that stress may irritate an acne problem, though it is not a major cause. Usually, a severe acne breakout is the basis for stress, not a product of it.



Another cause of acne can be due to hormones. The increases in hormone levels during puberty are usually the beginning causes of acne. Pregnancy and a woman’s menstrual cycle have also been known to cause breakouts. However, genetics are the primary factor in determining when acne will appear.

Though you cannot prevent acne due to your genetics, there are dozens of acne treatments available that help prevent more intense breakouts once the acne appears. There are also a few ways to avoid worsening a current acne problem and to stop a lesion from scarring your skin.



If you develop a lesion from your acne, you should not pick, squeeze, or scratch it. You should also not use harsh skincare products or scrub at it. Only wash with a gentle cleanser. Wearing makeup to cover a lesion can often irritate it further. You should wear as little as possible to avoid clogging your pores and creating breakouts.

Though cleaning your skin cannot stop the occurrence of acne, taking good care of your skin will reduce the chances of getting an infection and help to heal existing lesions. It is recommended by dermatologists to wash twice a day with a mild cleanser. Avoid using hot water or scrubbing. Talk to your dermatologist about what skincare products you’re using and the best method of treatment.